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The Washington Department of Ecology published CSPA (Children's Safe Product Act, RCW 70.240, Chapter 173-334 WAC) in 21st August 2011. Manufacturers of children’s products which are sold, or are to be offered for sale, to consumers in the state of Washington are required to notify the department of Ecology when a chemical of high concern to children (CHCC) is present in their products and the CHCC’s concentration in a product or a product component is over PQL (Practical Quantification Limit) or 100 ppm. The manufacturer here means the producer, importer, wholesale, or domestic distributor of a children’s product.

According to the definition of CSPA, “child” means an individual under the age of twelve years; “children’s product” includes such as toys, children’s cosmetics, children’s jewelry and child car seats, etc. In terms of the exemptions, for example: the counter drugs, prescription drugs, food, dietary supplements and packaging, etc. For more information about the children’s product and the exemptions, please refer to RCW 70.240.

At the moment the CHCC list contains sixty-six substances in total, for example:  Formaldehyde, Bisphenol A, BBP, DIDP, DINP, BHA, etc. CSPA has two limits; one is PQL (Practical Quantification Limit) which value is different for the respective CHCC’s items and has a range from 0.5 ppm to 100 ppm; the other one is contamination which value is fixed within 100 ppm for every CHCC’s items. If the department finds that a children’s product component contains a chemical on the CHCC list and the manufacturer either has not reported, or has reported at a lesser amount, the department will notify the manufacturer in writing. The department will then afford the manufacturer forty-five days from receipt of the department’s notification to respond to the findings before the department takes further enforcement action. As long as the violation is determinate, the department will be able to impose fines of first offense on the manufacturer of the children’s product.

Information Source: Chapter173-334 WAC

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