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The Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive 94/62/EC governing the concentration of 4 heavy metals in packaging materials and articles has been in force since 1996.

On 8 February 2013, Directive 2013/2/EU was published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) to amend ANNEX I under the ‘Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive’ by providing illustrative examples of packaging, part of packaging and non-packaging materials and articles. The chemical requirements for the sum of cadmium, lead, mercury and chromium (VI) remain unchanged at no more than 100 mg/kg. The new law takes effect on 30 September 2013.

Highlights of the new law:

Criterion
( Article 3(1), Directive 94/62/EC )

Criterion Definition

Non Exhaustive Examples List

i

Sales
Packaging or primary packaging

Packaging e.g.

  • Sweet boxes
  • Film overwrap around CD cases
  • Mailing pouches for catalogues and magazines (with a magazine inside)
  • Cake doilies sold with a cake
  • Flower pots intended to be used only for the selling and transporting of plants and not intended to stay with the plant throughout its life item
  • Clothes hangers (sold with a clothing item)
  • Matchboxes

Non-Packaging e.g.

  • Flower pots intended to stay with plant throughout its life time
  • Tea bags
  • Clothes hangers (sold separately)
  • CD, DVD and video cases (sold together with a CD, DVD or video inside)

ii

Grouped packaging or secondary packaging

Packaging e.g.

  • Paper or plastic carrier bags
  • Disposable plates and cups
  • Cling film
  • Sandwich bags
  • Aluminum foil

Non-Packaging e.g.

  • Disposable Cutlery
  • Wrapping paper (sold separately)
  • Paper baking cases (sold empty)
  • Cake doilies sold without a cake

iii

Transport packaging or tertiary packaging

Packaging e.g.

  • Labels hung directly on or attached to a product

Part of packaging e.g.

  • Mascara brush which forms part of the container closure
  • Sticky labels attached to another packaging item
  • Staples
  • Plastic sleeves

Non-Packaging e.g.

  • Radio frequency identification (RFID) tags
Information Source : Directive 2013/2/EU

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